Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition, which usually affects older adults and results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in “dry” and “wet” forms and is a major cause of blindness and visual impairment in older adults (>50 years). Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to drive, read, recognize faces or participate in activities of daily life.
In the dry (nonexudative) form, cellular debris called drusen accumulate between the retina and the choroid, and the retina can become detached. In the wet (exudative) form, which is more severe, blood vessels grow up from the choroid behind the retina and the retina can also become detached.
Treatment options include special telescopic glasses invented by Dr. Politzer and other special glasses and low vision aids.